Orthognathic surgery is a procedure aimed at correcting the discrepancies of facial bones (jaw, maxillary bone and teeth) thus improving the dental occlusion and facial features of the patient.
It is indicated in the case of patients with prognathism («protruding jaw»), retrognathism («receding chin») as well as any patient that has an alteration of the dental occlusion due to bone malposition between the jawbone and the maxilla.
Orthognathic surgery has also proved to be very effective in the treatment of OSAS (Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome).
OSAS is a disease consisting of respiratory pauses of more than 10 seconds that occur during sleep.
Depending on the severity, the patient may experience daytime drowsiness, chronic fatigue, high blood pressure and cardiovascular disorders, among others.
The main cause of this disease is obstruction of the upper airways. By means of orthognathic surgery, we are able to «open» and augment the volume of the upper airways, being the definitive treatment in many cases.